AI and the future of lending

Artificial Intelligence will drive the customer experience throughout the loan life-cycle

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Financial Institutions (FIs) are fortunate to be in this time where they have the opportunity to take a giant step forward for creating a long-term strategic impact. As the digitization of financial services continues, they have tremendous opportunities to grow business. The proliferation of technology along with deep business expertise can help FIs examine their businesses and find answers to complex questions that typically remained unanswered today, for example - how to assess risk.

To seize this opportunity, FIs need to have a trust in the technology. Technology such as Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence can help them where they have traditionally failed. For example, risk assessment of new-to-bank or thin file customers.

Artificial Intelligence can help FIs understand borrower’s characteristics, like honesty, ethics, behavior, and attitude, so that even if the capacity-to-pay is not evident, FIs can lend on the basis of borrower’s positive intention to pay. By collecting data from borrowers’ smartphones on their phone usage patterns, type of apps installed, phone make and model, and location patterns, Artificial Intelligence can determine the intent-to-pay.

Behavior Indicators (Sample)

Location Score

To begin with, these predictive models may be less effective, but eventually, as the algorithms evolve and the data grows, the decisions will get more and more accurate. And this is where the trust in the technology will be important.

Behavior scoring models can also be used in situations where the loan applicants have been assigned credit scores by the credit bureau as there is often the question of accuracy involved.

AI Use-Cases for Lending

Artificial Intelligence can be utilized to improve the customer experience throughout the loan life-cycle.

AI Models - Build vs. Buy

Artificial Intelligence can enable FIs to use statistics and machine learning techniques to build credit scoring models on their own, specific to their business needs and customer profiles. In-house analytics can provide insights that are transparent for inputs, methodologies, and assumptions; and flexible in changing assumptions and input parameters, which can be updated frequently.

AI Platform Capabilities

The capability of a financial institution to reap the full benefits of analytics will entirely depend upon the analytics platform or tool they choose to use. The right analytics tool will enable business users to use the system on their own without much dependency on IT or Data Science teams. It will not only provide capabilities to build predictive models, but hassle-free deployment along with configuration of business rules. Deployment will be through APIs to enable the handling of remote requests for model scoring in real-time. Last but not the least, as every model degrades over time due to reasons such as economic drift, FIs need a platform with automated model monitoring capabilities to ensure timely tweaking of the models.

To summarize, it’s high time that forward-looking Financial Institutions invest in the technology and emerge as the leaders of tomorrow.